Lowest Priced Home in Redondo Hits the Market in Brookside Village

Brookside Village Condo now the Least Expensive home in Redondo*

605 S Prospect Avenue Unit#106, Redondo Beach, CA 90277 - Listed at $560,000

The latest condo to hit the market  in South Redondo’s Brookside Village is currently the lowest priced home on the market in all of Redondo Beach. (*excluding 55+ units that are generally always less expensive) 

605 S Prospect #106 is a ground floor 1 bedroom with a little under 700 square feet. 

We haven’t been through just yet and with no interior photos it’s a bit tough to know the condition, but the listing states that it’s a pretty extensive remodel with new kitchen and bath, new flooring and more.

Contact Redondo Beach realtor Keith Kyle with Vista Sotheby’s International for more information or to schedule a private tour.

Search the current condos for sale in Brookside Village

605 S Prospect Avenue Unit#106 Facts and Features

  • 1 bedroom
  • 1 bathroom
  • 1 parking spot
  • 669 square feet (buyer to verify)
  • $416 HOA dues
  • Asking price $560,000
  • Listed by Liz Samuels – Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices California Properties – 310-373-0021

605 S Prospect Avenue Unit#106, Redondo Beach, CA 90277 – Listed at $560,000

Any information relating to a property referenced on this web site comes from CRMLS. This web site may reference real estate listing(s) held by a brokerage firm other than the broker and/or agent who owns this website. The accuracy of all information is deemed reliable but not guaranteed and should be personally verified through personal inspection by and/or with the appropriate professionals.

2 Bedroom Brookside Village Condo Hits the Market in South Redondo

900 Camino Real Unit #203 - $725,000

2 Bedroom Top Floor Condo in Brookside Village for sale

The latest condo to hit the market in the community of Brookside Village in South Redondo Beach is a nicely updated top floor 2 bedroom 2 bath.   It’s bright and open and overlooks the tennis courts so it has some nice open space out front.    The home still has some original feeling features but has been upgraded with beautiful floors, countertops, light fixtures, closet doors and more.

Contact Redondo Beach realtor Keith Kyle with Vista Sotheby’s International for more information or to schedule a private tour.

Search the current condos for sale in Brookside Village

900 Camino Real Unit #203 Facts and Features

  • 2 bedrooms
  • 2 bathrooms
  • 2 side by side parking spots
  • 949 square feet (buyer to verify)
  • $452 HOA dues
  • Asking price $725,000
  • Listed by Scott Heflin – Compass – 310-241-3038

900 Camino Real Unit#203, Redondo Beach, CA 90277 – Listed at $725,000

The agent providing the information contained herein may not have been a buyer’s and/or seller’s agent. This information is based on data pulled from CRMLS on 9/13/22

One Bedroom Condo Hits the Market in Brookside Village at $489,000

One bedroom condo in Brookside village hits the market

607 S Prospect  #204, Redondo Beach - Listed for $489,000

One of the newest homes on the market in Redondo Beach also happens to be one of the least expensive.  This newest condo listing just hit the market in Brookside Village and it’s a nicely updated one bedroom located at 607 S Prospect building.  

The condo is in great shape with wood flooring, updated kitchen and a nice upgraded look and feel.  The biggest drawback is that it doesn’t have much open space out front off of the balcony as it’s somewhat tucked behind another building.

Brookside Village is a great option for buyers as it’s often the most affordable way of living near the beach.  The community has several pools, lush grounds and landscaping, tennis courts a gym and more.

Search the current condos for sale in Brookside Village

Condo Info


    • 1 bedrooms
    • 1 bathroom
    • 669 square feet
    • $421 HOA dues
    • Asking price $489,000
    • Igor Nastaskin – Re/Max Estate Properties – 310 892-6016

Contact Redondo Beach realtor Keith Kyle with Vista Sotheby’s International for more information or to schedule a private tour.

607 S Prospect  #204, Redondo Beach – Listed for $489,000

See All the The Homes that Sold in Redondo Beach During October

Big Month for Real Estate in Redondo Beach CA

October was a great month for home sales in Redondo Beach CA with a very impressive 97 on market property sales closing.  The average “list” price was $1,370,912 with the average “sold” price at $1,416,929 meaning that homes generally sold WAY higher than the asking price. Average days on market was a very short 20 before going into escrow and the average price per foot was $848. See how this compares with other months on our Redondo Beach real estate statistics and trends page.

Search the current homes for sale in Redondo Beach

October 2021 Home Sales and Prices in Redondo Beach CA

Type AddressPrice$ Per FootBed/BathSq FeetYearSold Date
SFR/D531Via Monte Doro$1,640,000$1,034.053/2,0,0,01586/A1954/ASR10/1/2021
CONDO/A649Paseo De La Playa #207$1,050,000$765.312/1,1,0,01372/A1962/ASR10/15/2021
SFR/D368Paseo De Gracia$1,290,000$890.273/2,0,0,01449/A1954/ASR10/19/2021
CONDO/A201Calle Miramar #9$1,405,000$1,100.232/2,0,0,01277/A1962/ASR10/6/2021
SFR/D328Avenida Atezada$1,685,000$745.254/1,3,0,02261/A1952/ASR10/13/2021
SFR/D836Calle De Arboles$1,715,000$1,206.903/2,0,0,01421/E1948/ASR10/22/2021
SFR/D213Vista Del Parque$1,798,000$902.163/2,0,1,01993/A1956/ASR10/14/2021
SFR/D444Via Los Miradores$2,025,000$1,007.463/1,1,1,02010/A1955/ASR10/20/2021
SFR/D353Calle Mayor$2,301,000$780.003/1,1,1,02950/A1932/ASR10/12/2021
TWNHS/A2518Ruhland AVE #D$808,000$623.942/2,0,0,01295/A1976/ASR10/4/2021
TWNHS2312Ruhland AVE #4$810,000$701.302/1,0,1,01155/197510/8/2021
TWNHS/A2701Voorhees AVE #7$865,000$723.852/2,0,1,01195/A1979/ASR10/15/2021
TWNHS/A2608Mathews AVE #C$975,000$581.403/2,0,1,01677/B1995/BLD10/29/2021
CONDO/A2307Mathews AVE #2$1,059,000$647.313/2,0,1,01636/A1986/ASR10/6/2021
SFR/D2100Carnegie LN$1,270,000$987.563/2,0,0,01286/A1962/ASR10/15/2021
SFR/D2502Gates AVE$1,300,000$660.574/3,0,0,01968/A1956/ASR10/26/2021
TWNHS/D2006Warfield AVE #A$1,360,000$724.953/2,0,1,01876/A1986/ASR10/28/2021
TWNHS/A2520Nelson AVE #C$1,375,000$759.674/3,0,0,01810/A2017/ASR10/28/2021
TWNHS2114 SCurtis AVE #A$1,392,000$654.754/2,0,1,02126/199710/21/2021
TWNHS/D2017Curtis AVE #B$1,393,000$592.773/2,0,1,02350/A1986/ASR10/26/2021
TWNHS/D1916Nelson AVE #A$1,399,000$597.864/2,0,1,02340/A2005/ASR10/1/2021
SFR/D1907Gates AVE$1,400,000$843.372/2,1,0,01660/S1948/ASR10/7/2021
TWNHS/D2307Ruhland AVE #A$1,455,000$627.164/3,0,0,02320/A2006/ASR10/1/2021
TWNHS/D1909Perry AVE #B$1,525,000$602.294/3,0,1,02532/B2011/ASR10/29/2021
SFR/D2002Robinson ST$1,600,000$1,034.263/2,0,0,01547/A1947/ASR10/4/2021
SFR/D2903Perkins LN$1,610,000$670.275/3,0,0,02402/A1947/ASR10/29/2021
TWNHS/D2421Voorhees AVE #B$1,755,000$686.624/4,0,1,02556/B2021/BLD10/7/2021
CONDO2750Artesia BLVD #108$525,000$570.652/1,1,0,0920/A2007/ASR10/1/2021
CONDO/A2750Artesia BLVD #303$719,000$537.773/2,0,0,01337/B2007/BLD10/26/2021
TWNHS/A2108Rockefeller LN #B$835,000$602.022/3,0,0,01387/A1980/ASR10/14/2021
TWNHS/A2223Clark LN #2$885,000$603.683/2,0,1,01466/A1975/ASR10/26/2021
TWNHS/A2611Carnegie LN #2$910,000$534.043/2,0,1,01704/A1984/ASR10/5/2021
TWNHS/A1814Grant AVE #7$1,026,000$587.633/2,0,1,01746/E1986/ASR10/7/2021
SFR1722Clark LN$1,175,000$1,056.653/2,0,0,01112/195910/19/2021
TWNHS/A1804Grant AVE #B$1,185,000$642.283/2,0,1,01845/B2009/ASR10/22/2021
TWNHS/A2413Rockefeller LN #B$1,195,000$702.943/2,0,1,01700/A2005/ASR10/20/2021
TWNHS/A1807Harriman LN #A$1,250,000$520.834/2,0,1,02400/A1986/ASR10/29/2021
SFR/D1802Armour LN$1,260,100$1,243.933/1,0,0,01013/A1958/ASR10/29/2021
TWNHS/A2317Clark LN #B$1,352,000$641.373/2,0,1,02108/A1986/ASR10/13/2021
TWNHS/D2217Clark LN #B$1,372,000$535.733/2,0,1,02561/A1989/ASR10/15/2021
TWNHS/D1807Pullman LN #A$1,483,500$627.274/2,0,1,02365/P2001/PUB10/29/2021
SFR/D2004Morgan LN$1,500,000$1,872.662/1,0,0,0801/A1953/ASR10/5/2021
SFR/D2320Pullman LN$2,280,000$592.215/4,0,1,03850/A2010/BLD10/15/2021
SFR/D2705182nd PL$1,025,000$939.512/2,0,0,01091/A1955/ASR10/1/2021
TWNHS/D18518Mansel AVE$1,062,000$550.264/2,0,1,01930/A2007/BLD10/6/2021
SFR/D2810Carlsbad ST$1,160,000$1,074.073/1,0,0,01080/A1948/PUB10/4/2021
SFR/D2707Ralston LN$1,225,000$954.053/1,1,0,01284/A1955/PUB10/26/2021
SFR/D2736Armour LN$1,225,000$789.303/2,0,0,01552/A1955/ASR10/1/2021
SFR/D2709182nd PL$1,435,000$926.403/1,1,0,01549/A1955/ASR10/29/2021
SFR/D2408Ives LN$1,600,000$1,243.203/0,2,0,01287/A1962/PUB10/21/2021
SFR/D1703Carlson LN$955,000$1,069.433/1,0,0,0893/A1957/ASR10/15/2021
SFR/D1603Van Horne LN$1,030,000$951.063/1,0,0,11083/A1961/PUB10/8/2021
SFR/D1714Belmont LN$1,197,500$1,047.683/1,0,1,01143/A1959/ASR10/25/2021
SFR/D1744Harper AVE$1,306,000$662.274/2,0,1,01972/A1969/ASR10/12/2021
SFR/D1728Armour LN$1,425,000$924.123/3,0,0,01542/B1958/ASR10/1/2021
SFR1805Stanford AVE$1,525,000$882.013/2,0,0,01729/197410/15/2021
SFR/D1719Wollacott ST$1,536,000$860.023/2,0,0,01786/A1974/ASR10/14/2021
SFR/D1730Reed ST$1,670,000$878.954/3,0,0,01900/A2000/BLD10/20/2021
SFR/D1745Spreckels LN$1,900,000$744.513/4,0,1,02552/A2017/ASR10/8/2021
TWNHS/A223 SProspect AVE #1$900,000$568.182/1,1,1,01584/A1980/ASR10/13/2021
TWNHS/D214 SLucia AVE #B$950,000$602.791/2,0,0,01576/O2016/PUB10/19/2021
TWNHS/A610N Guadalupe Avenue #3$1,060,000$582.744/2,0,1,01819/A1980/ASR10/9/2021
TWNHS/A619 NGuadalupe AVE #6$1,132,000$482.734/3,0,0,02345/A1987/ASR10/15/2021
SFR/D527 NPaulina AVE$1,505,000$996.033/2,0,0,01511/A1951/ASR10/8/2021
TWNHS/D209 SGuadalupe #A$1,750,000$672.045/4,0,1,02604/O2015/ASR10/8/2021
TWNHS/D202 SLucia AVE #B$1,775,000$557.125/3,0,1,03186/A1990/PUB10/8/2021
TWNHS/D112 SFrancisca AVE #B$1,960,000$820.434/3,0,0,02389/B2021/BLD10/13/2021
TWNHS/A129 SHelberta AVE$2,000,000$637.964/4,0,0,03135/A2002/ASR10/25/2021
CONDO/A603 SProspect AVE #303$608,000$908.822/1,0,0,0669/A1970/PUB10/29/2021
CONDO/A816Camino Real #203$649,000$665.642/2,0,0,0975/A1970/ASR10/26/2021
CONDO/D601 SProspect AVE #101$655,000$671.792/2,0,0,0975/O1970/ASR10/1/2021
CONDO/A900Camino Real #102$680,000$716.542/2,0,0,0949/A1970/PUB10/21/2021
SFR/D415Miramar DR$1,385,000$1,160.942/1,0,0,01193/A1928/ASR10/13/2021
SFR/D1324 SHelberta Ave$1,520,000$1,373.083/1,0,0,01107/P1953/PUB10/25/2021
SFR/A402Avenue E$1,535,000$1,058.623/2,0,0,01450/A1956/ASR10/1/2021
SFR703Avenue D$1,640,000$1,474.823/1,0,0,01112/195110/6/2021
SFR/D415 SIrena AVE$2,500,000$583.705/4,0,1,04283/A2003/ASR10/8/2021
SFR/D824A AVE$2,990,999$890.185/4,0,0,03360/A2021/BLD10/29/2021
SFR/D550 SHelberta AVE$3,811,000$834.465/3,0,1,04567/A1999/ASR10/20/2021
CONDO/A1400 SCatalina AVE #106$735,000$924.531/1,0,0,0795/A1971/PUB10/27/2021
CONDO/A650The Village #203$740,000$1,195.481/1,0,0,0619/A1974/ASR10/26/2021
CONDO/A230CATALINA AVENUE #216$865,000$575.902/2,0,0,01502/A1974/ASR10/20/2021
CONDO/A230 SCatalina AVE #312$925,000$676.662/2,0,0,01367/A1974/PUB10/4/2021
CONDO/A565Esplanade #402$1,025,000$978.992/1,1,0,01047/A1971/ASR10/29/2021
CONDO/A1007 SCatalina AVE #109$1,075,000$910.252/2,0,0,01181/A1972/ASR10/6/2021
TWNHS/A313 NBroadway #1$1,235,000$642.233/2,0,1,01923/A1988/ASR10/25/2021
CONDO/A150The Village #1$1,380,000$717.632/2,0,0,01923/A1980/ASR10/12/2021
TWNHS/A714 SBroadway #B$1,445,000$781.083/2,0,1,01850/A1989/ASR10/29/2021
SFR/D231Avenue D$2,275,000$1,132.404/2,1,0,02009/E1952/EST10/22/2021
SFR/D209Avenue F$2,300,501$1,508.533/1,0,0,01525/A1929/ASR10/14/2021
TWNHS/A1724Esplanade #A$2,510,000$1,485.213/1,2,1,01690/A2008/ASR10/1/2021
SFR628Elvira AVE$3,100,000$539.886/6,0,1,05742/201310/5/2021
CONDO/A2750Artesia BLVD #130$499,999$581.391/1,0,0,0860/A2007/ASR10/6/2021
SFR/D1919Robinson ST$1,326,500$1,081.973/2,0,0,01226/A1948/APP10/25/2021
SFR/D2412Carnegie LN$1,700,000$1,888.892/1,0,0,0900/A1948/ASR10/21/2021

No Shortage of Oceanfront and Waterfront Homes for Sale in South Redondo Beach

There’s been a nice increase in the number of beachfront and big water view homes and condos on the market in South Redondo in the past few weeks.  Take a look below at the current condos for sale along the water.

Current Redondo Beach Ocean Front Homes for Sale

Redondo Beach Home Sales and Housing Prices for March 2020

Redondo Beach Real Estate Market update - March home sales

March was a very solid month for home sales in Redondo Beach with 57 on market home sales. That was a bit slower than usual but still a strong showing given the lack of inventory on the market. The median list price for homes that sold was $1,149,000 with a median sold price of $1,130,000 which is a considerable number and shows that it was still a seller’s market.

March sales were not really impacted by the covid 19 challenges so it’s likely we’ll see a fairly significant slowdown in the next few months.

The average price per foot was $611.00, median days on market was 59, and average days on market was a pretty incredible 13 days before going into escrow.

March Home Sales and Prices in Redondo beach


Type AddressPrice$ Per FootBed/BathSq FeetYear BuiltSold Date
TWNHS/A418Palos Verdes BLVD  $1,020,000$637.503/1,1,1,01600/A1978/ASR3/6/2020
SFR/D413Via Pasqual   $1,305,000$857.423/1,1,0,01522/A1959/ASR3/20/2020
SFR/D437Via La Soledad   $1,380,000$883.483/1,1,0,01562/A1954/ASR3/11/2020
SFR/D645Via Los Miradores   $1,479,000$753.823/2,0,1,01962/A1954/ASR3/24/2020
SFR/D126Camino De Las Colinas   $1,500,000$611.004/2,1,0,02455/O1949/ASR3/3/2020
SFR/D349Calle Mayor   $1,750,000$654.704/1,1,1,02673/A1955/ASR3/10/2020
SFR/D602Paseo De La Playa   $3,075,500$933.954/1,2,1,03293/E2011/ASR3/5/2020
CONDO/A2606Gates AVE   #2$700,000$617.282/2,0,0,01134/A1969/ASR3/31/2020
SFR/D2507Inglewood AVE  $1,100,000$506.914/2,0,1,02170/A1963/ASR3/31/2020
TWNHS/A2518Nelson AVE   #B$1,130,000$587.014/3,0,0,01925/P2016/ASR3/6/2020
TWNHS/A2203Gates AVE   #A$1,349,999$491.804/2,0,1,02745/A2003/ASR3/17/2020
CONDO/A2519Vanderbilt LN   #2$645,000$531.742/1,0,1,01213/A1978/ASR3/16/2020
TWNHS/A2310Vanderbilt LN   #4$745,000$479.413/3,0,0,01554/A1978/ASR3/6/2020
TWNHS2117GRANT AVE   #3$761,000$378.043/3,0,0,02013/A19823/19/2020
TWNHS/A2721Rockefeller LN   #1$790,000$544.833/1,1,1,01450/A1981/ASR3/19/2020
TWNHS/A1908Vanderbilt Ln    #C$795,000$563.032/3,0,0,01412/A1978/ASR3/17/2020
TWNHS/A2501Grant AVE   #D$856,000$436.963/2,0,1,01959/A1984/ASR3/24/2020
TWNHS/A1708Flagler LN   #A$875,000$542.473/3,0,0,01613/A1990/ASR3/24/2020
TWNHS/A1910Harriman LN   #A$1,110,000$462.504/2,0,1,02400/A1987/ASR3/27/2020
TWNHS/A2713Carnegie LN   #B$1,120,000$507.484/4,0,0,02207/E2019/BLD3/18/2020
TWNHS/A1808Perkins LN  $1,125,000$556.933/3,0,0,02020/A2013/ASR3/23/2020
TWNHS2210HARRIMAN LN   #A$1,160,000$518.324/2,0,1,02238/19903/10/2020
TWNHS/A2715Carnegie LN   #B$1,165,000$527.874/4,1,0,02207/E2019/BLD3/4/2020
TWNHS/D2005Marshallfield LN   #B$1,385,000$554.004/3,0,1,02500/SEE2011/ASR3/20/2020
SFR/D2214Belmont LN  $1,835,000$450.535/4,0,0,04073/A2008/ASR3/3/2020
SFR/D514Blossom LN  $919,000$544.114/2,0,0,01689/A1957/ASR3/5/2020
SFR/D1747Dixon ST  $1,055,000$750.364/1,1,0,01406/A1963/ASR3/23/2020
SFR/D1732Reed ST  $1,220,000$683.093/1,1,0,01786/A1974/ASR3/17/2020
SFR/D1115Stanford AVE  $1,246,000$669.893/2,0,1,01860/A1989/PUB3/23/2020
SFR/D1523Wollacott ST  $1,310,000$656.644/1,1,1,01995/A1963/ASR3/10/2020
SFR/D1507Goodman AVE  $1,310,000$623.224/3,0,0,02102/A2002/ASR3/6/2020
SFR/D1713Ford AVE  $1,320,000$718.563/3,0,0,01837/A1979/ASR3/13/2020
SFR/D1715Ford AVE  $1,375,000$765.593/1,1,1,01796/A1979/ASR3/4/2020
CONDO/A1321Beryl ST   #206$749,900$493.033/2,1,0,01521/A1975/ASR3/18/2020
CONDO/A1111Beryl ST   #2$835,000$565.722/2,0,1,01476/A1981/ASR3/10/2020
SFR/D328 NProspect AVE  $1,300,000$572.694/2,0,0,02270/A1974/ASR3/26/2020
SFR/D330 NProspect AVE  $1,300,000$710.774/1,1,1,01829/A1974/ASR3/26/2020
TWNHS/D215 NIRENA AVE    #B$1,307,000$502.694/2,0,1,02600/T1998/ASR3/2/2020
TWNHS/A209 SIrena AVE   #B$1,550,000$580.524/3,0,1,02670/A2017/ASR3/31/2020
TWNHS/D502 NLucia AVE   #B$1,724,000$620.144/3,2,0,02780/B2019/BLD3/11/2020
TWNHS/D130 SProspect AVE   #B$1,725,000$569.684/2,0,2,03028/B2019/BLD3/17/2020
TWNHS/D206 NJuanita AVE  $1,920,000$628.684/3,0,1,03054/B2020/BLD3/20/2020
CONDO/A800Camino Real    #305$530,000$642.421/1,0,0,0825/A1970/ASR3/19/2020
CONDO/A611 SProspect AVE   #202$570,000$583.422/2,0,0,0977/A1970/ASR3/31/2020
CONDO/A1108Camino Real    #511$650,000$419.633/3,0,0,01549/A1971/ASR3/24/2020
CONDO/A603 SProspect AVE   #101$700,000$559.113/1,1,0,01252/A1970/ASR3/6/2020
CONDO/A1920 SPCH  #306$770,000$870.061/1,0,0,0885/B2019/BLD3/13/2020
CONDO/A1920 SPCH #312$825,000$800.191/1,0,0,01031/B2019/BLD3/24/2020
CONDO/A1920PCH #203$862,500$701.221/1,0,1,01230/B2019/BLD3/11/2020
TWNHS/D1800 SPCH #40$930,000$573.373/2,1,0,01622/A2002/ASR3/11/2020
CONDO/A1920 SPCH #313$1,110,000$727.392/2,0,0,01526/B2019/BLD3/31/2020
CONDO/A1920 SPCH #301$1,150,000$753.602/2,0,0,01526/B2019/BLD3/13/2020
CONDO/A620The Village    #112$630,000$1,017.771/1,0,0,0619/A1974/ASR3/16/2020
CONDO/A630The Village    #116$970,000$1,034.122/2,0,0,0938/P1974/PUB3/19/2020
TWNHS/A200Avenue C   $1,690,000$812.504/3,0,0,02080/A2007/PUB3/3/2020
TWNHS/A306Topaz ST  $1,970,000$734.533/2,0,1,02682/D2017/BLD3/10/2020
TWNHS/A111Vista Del Mar    #B$2,400,000$978.793/2,0,1,02452/E2019/EST3/5/2020



redondo beach

Vista Sotheby's International

Vista Sotheby’s International Realty is one of the top real estate brokerages in the South Bay and Southern California with offices in Redondo Beach and throughout the South Bay


1801 S Catalina Ave, Redondo Beach, CA 90277







keith kyle

Top Producing Realtor


Sotheby's International

Welcome to Sotheby's International Realty representing buyers and sellers of fine South Bay and Southern California properties

Redondo Beach Real Estate & Homes. All rights reserved. Information deemed reliable but not guaranteed

Keith Kyle – Licensed Realtor – Vista Sothebys International Realty – DRE#01712785

The listing information set forth on this site is based upon information which we consider reliable, but because it has been supplied by third parties to our franchisees (who in turn supplied it to us), we cannot represent that it is accurate or complete, and it should not be relied upon as such. The offerings are subject to errors, omissions, changes, including price, or withdrawal without notice. All dimensions are approximate and have not been verified by the selling party and cannot be verified by Sotheby’s International Realty Affiliates LLC. It is recommended that you hire a professional in the business of determining dimensions, such as an appraiser, architect or civil engineer, to determine such information. Sotheby’s International Realty ® and the Sotheby’s International Realty Logo are service marks licensed to Sotheby’s International Realty Affiliates LLC and used with permission.